This article is the ultimate guide to improving your SaaS pricing models. Learn actionable SaaS pricing strategies and effective SaaS pricing models to increase lead to conversion rates in 2020.
73% of organizations indicated nearly all their apps will be SaaS by 2020 (BetterCloud).
The growth of Software as a Service (SaaS) shows no sign of slowing down. For consumers, it can be challenging to understand the many different pricing models. The reason may be that, in this still rather new industry segment, many companies are still trying to understand SaaS pricing models and strategies.
As opposed to traditional software sales, it is not as simple as finding the right per unit price to optimize sales and profits. Instead, there are multiple pricing strategies and, perhaps even more importantly, several guiding strategies behind them.
Top 10 SaaS Pricing Models
By choosing the right SaaS pricing model, SaaS vendors can attract new customers and retain them over the long-term. Additionally, alignment in your SaaS marketing strategy and your SaaS pricing models are vital to ensure your sales ready messaging on effective. The price points within that model are also critical and need to be based on effective pricing strategies that can be modified during the lifecycle of the product.
73% of organizations indicated nearly all their apps will be SaaS by 2020 (BetterCloud).
1. Per User
The SaaS pricing model most similar to traditional software models is the per-user model. As the name suggests, the price is set by the total number of users within the organization using the software. In some cases, discounts are offered when an organization hits a certain threshold of users. The advantages of this type of SaaS pricing model include the simplicity.
Potential customers don’t need to understand multiple pricing options and can simply purchase the number of user accounts required. Disadvantages include the fact that this model may lead to lower software adoption within an organization since the cost of each additional user needs to be justified.
2. Tiered User
A slight variation of the per-user pricing model is the tiered user model. This separates the total number of users into groups. There may be one price for one user and another for five, ten, fifty, and up. This tends to have the same advantages and disadvantages as standard per user with the additional disadvantage of the fact that there may be some potential customers that don’t fit well into one of the pre-defined groups.
3. Per Active User
A user-based pricing model made popular by Slack is the per active user model. This addresses the lower software adoption problem with the standard per-user model. Customers can sign up as many potential users as possible but only pay for the active users. This is where effective SaaS customer onboarding strategy and implementation is vital when it comes to not just internal adoption, but effectiveness with many users being successful when it comes to implementation and day-to-day usage of your SaaS platform
4. Tiered User
Currently, one of the most popular SaaS pricing models is tiered pricing. As we have already seen with the tiered user model, tiered pricing can easily cross over into multiple additional SaaS pricing models. The most basic and popular tiered SaaS pricing model offers various packages with different feature sets at different prices.
These different tiers are often designed around specific buyer personas, like individual users, small businesses, and enterprise users. The marketing dimension of multiple personas is a substantial advantage for this model, along with a clear path to upsell users as they find they need more features. However, it also has the potential disadvantage of becoming confusing as potential customers struggle to understand what features they will need to get the most out of the product.
5. Flat Rate User
Simple, but not often found among SaaS offerings is the flat-rate model. This is the most straightforward and often easiest to sell model since there is one set of features available to everyone for one set price. There are no additional fees for extra features or additional users. While that simplicity is a significant advantage when it comes to explaining and selling the product, it can be challenging to set a price that is attractive to smaller businesses while charging enough to not miss out on potential profit from large enterprise users.
6. Usage-Based (Pay as You Go)
Popular with infrastructure products like Amazon’s Web Services but also found in other SaaS products, this model bases the price on the amount of usage during a set period. This model provides a clear advantage for attracting customers with fluctuating usage needs and those with limited needs and expected growth.
However, this model has disadvantages for both customers and the provider. Since usage, and therefore billing, can fluctuate, customers are left unsure of what their monthly cost will be, and providers are left with uncertainty regarding revenue.
7. Per Storage User
Somewhat of a combination of tiered and usage-based pricing is the per storage model. This is popular, especially with cloud storage SaaS providers like Google and Dropbox (which will also be mentioned later in the “Freemium” model.)
38% of SaaS companies said they do not offer any free trials or ‘freemium’ for their product or service (Totango).
Instead of billing for actual use as in the usage-based model, customers can select from storage tiers. This can be an excellent way for the SaaS to grow with the customer as storage needs increase. However, it does include the risk of excluding customers who don’t fit cleanly into one of the storage tiers.
8. Build Your Own
While not as popular among SaaS offerings, the build your own model is an interesting hybrid approach to pricing. The pricing model starts with a base price for the core package and then allows customers to pick and choose from additional options to create a package that fills their needs and price point.
This has the advantage of offering flexibility to attract multiple customer profiles. However, it does make the decision making and purchasing process much more confusing for the customer.
Almost everyone is familiar with the Freemium pricing model thanks to well-known examples like Evernote, Slack, and Dropbox. In fact, many SaaS products combine the freemium model with additional pricing models. Companies may offer a free but limited version of their software. This is usually a fully-functional product, unlike a free trial.
Users are then provided additional features, users, storage, or usage at an additional cost. This is a great way to get new customers on-boarded and using the product. This freemium approach gives them a chance to really test out the product.
In some cases, with no start-up costs, individual users will begin adopting the software under the free plan to the point that their company becomes interested in paid enterprise use. The disadvantage of this model is that it can harm revenue, especially if too many users are satisfied with the free version and see no need to upgrade.
10. Free, Ad-Supported
One last model that is usually also a hybrid of sorts is the free, ad-supported pricing model. Users are invited to use the product for free in exchange for seeing ads within the software. In most cases, customers can remove those ads by purchasing a package.
This is often part of a tiered pricing model with the ad-supported version being the lowest tier. This can be an excellent solution for SaaS companies that would like to offer a free option while still having a source of revenue from those accounts.
Top 5 SaaS Pricing Strategies
Finding an appropriate pricing model is only one part of getting a SaaS product to market. Once a model is found that has a chance to bring in the highest revenue, an effective pricing strategy must be developed to set the appropriate price points. Whether charging per user, feature, storage, or some combination, a price must be determined that will draw the maximum number of customers while creating the appropriate level of revenue. Churn is a critical component of effective SaaS pricing model to take into consideration.
The median churn rate for SaaS organizations reported in the 2018 KBCM survey was 13.2% (KBCM Technology Group).
The correct SaaS pricing strategy needs to be based on the long and short-term goals of the company. Whether looking for rapid penetration and adoption, slow and steady growth, or a reputation as a premium product, adopting the correct pricing strategy is essential. Additionally the SaaS pricing page design is significant when it comes to conversion rate optimization.
Ideally, your sales and marketing teams should continually be a/b testing various components of your SaaS pricing page design, ranging from amount of text or conversion form fields used. Finally, the pricing strategy must take into account the actual fixed and variable costs of the product, the desired profit margin, and competitive forces in the market.
The right pricing strategy, paired with the optimal pricing model offers the most significant opportunity to hit sales, profit, and growth goals upfront, and in the future.
1. Cost-Plus Pricing
The most obvious pricing strategy which may be especially attractive to accountants is the cost-plus pricing strategy. It is as simple as adding up the fixed and variable costs of the product, including development and design costs, adding an appropriate profit margin and then setting a price per user, per feature, per gigabyte, or whatever is necessary based on the pricing model.
This SaaS strategy has a clear advantage in terms of simplicity. It is also extremely easy to explain to stakeholders. However, it ignores many other aspects of pricing strategy, such as perceived value to customers, the pricing of competitive solutions, and any appropriate market research.
2. Market Penetration Pricing
On the other end of the spectrum from cost-plus is penetration pricing. This type of pricing strategy basically ignores the costs associated with the product and selects a price point designed to get the SaaS product swiftly into the hands of as many target market users as possible as quickly as possible.
Initial prices may allow for little to no profit or may even be considered a loss to attract as many users as possible. Profits are achieved later as the product grows in popularity. At that point, prices can be increased as the company adopts another pricing strategy.
3. Skimming Pricing
Skimming pricing is, in many ways, the opposite approach to market penetration. In this strategy, the price for the new SaaS offering is set intentionally high. This is based on the premise that demand decreases the longer the product is available. The price is slowly lowered, making the SaaS more attractive to different market segments over time.
This can be an excellent way to squeeze the most significant revenue from the lifecycle of a product. However, it does assume a relatively short product lifecycle. It may be more effective with SaaS offerings that will be replaced at some point by new and better offerings so that the lifecycle pricing can be repeated.
4. Premium Pricing
Another pricing strategy that may largely ignore the costs associated with creating and maintaining a product is premium pricing. This is also referred to as prestige pricing and is based on the idea that higher prices may convey a sense of higher quality.
There are always some customers who want to have the very best products that may only be available with organizations that have the means to afford them. This may lead to a smaller, yet more loyal customer base, with revenue being made up by the higher pricing. Premium pricing can also be used as a feature in tier-based pricing models by offering a “premium tier” with exclusive benefits only available to those willing to pay a premium price.
5. Captive Product Pricing
One of the more complex pricing strategies is captive product pricing. In this strategy, the SaaS provider offers its primary or “core” product and a highly attractive price, similar to that of a market penetration pricing strategy.
While there may be little to no profit in the initial cost, revenue is increased by charging extra for the additional features or services needed to make the product work to its full potential. The term “captive” comes from the idea of getting the users hooked on the service before unveiling the additional costs.
All Models and Strategies Are Hybrids
You may have already noticed that most SaaS pricing models and SaaS pricing strategies fail to fit neatly into one category. If you haven’t noticed, you will as you explore the many pricing models of the multitude of SaaS offerings on the market.
While the pricing models are usually quite apparent, the pricing strategies behind them may be harder to determine. But no matter the model or strategy, it is more than likely a hybrid of two or more different options listed here. None of these descriptions are designed to box in the possibilities of pricing for SaaS offerings.
They are simply a tool to help SaaS businesses determine the best pricing for their products. After all, it doesn’t matter much the name of your strategy or model. This is where partnering with a niche SaaS marketing agency will ensure you are working with SaaS growth hackers, for copywriting, design, development, SEO and conversion rate optimization who focus solely on SaaS companies scale SaaS lead generation, SaaS customer acquisition and SaaS client engagement.
What matters is that companies are offering SaaS at prices that consumers will pay and that offers/generates the appropriate profit for the provider. Spending time reviewing the possibilities in light of the unique SaaS value propositions of the SaaS offering can lead to a significant increase in sales and revenue over the lifetime of the product.